Bioenergy programme in farmers’ own land
Through providing employment to the rural people under MGNREGS, State and Central Govt are striving for the development of rural areas. State Govt. is formulating many new programmes for the development of the state. KSBDB has also formulated Hasiru Honnu(Green Gold) programme in this direction. It is an eco friendly programme aiming towards self reliance in fuel,by using the grants available under MGNREGS for growing Bioenergy saplings in the fields of farmerslikehongeneem, simarouba, hippe, jatropha etc.
In the year 2009-10, this programme was implemented on experimental basis in 78 villages under the jurisdiction of 15 gram panchayats of Jagaluru, Harapanahalli and Davanagere taluk. 3 lakh saplings are planted (20,000 saplings for each gram panchayat). 3200 farmers were involved in this programme and an amout of Rs. 75 lakh was distributed to them in the form of labour charges. Shri B.S.Yadiyurappa, then chief minister of Karnataka has announced the launching of the programme and the intention of extending the same across the state.
Forest dept. has cultivated 150 lakh Bioenergy saplings, to plant them in all the districts of Karnataka during 2010 monsoon under Hasiru Honnu programme. Every year forest dept. grows different varieties of saplings, as per the fixed target. Active participation of the rural farmers, workers, women self help groups, voluntary organisations etc. is very necessary for the successful implementation of the programme. Apart from that the role of gram,taluka and jilla panchayats and the forest Dept.is very significant in this.
Ourfarmers did not get any benefit by growing crops in the space adjecent to their land holdings and along the hedges. The basic objective of the Hasiru Honnu programme is to provide consistant and additional agricultural income to the farmers. Other objectives are as shown below:
- Employment generation in rural area.
- Economic development of rural population.
- Empowerment of villages.
- Increasing forest area.
- Production, collection, value addition of Bioenergy seeds.
- Soil and water conservation
- Production of organic fertilisers (manures).
- Continuous encouragement for agricultural development.
- Direct effects on farmers’ land:
• Continuous and additional income from Bioenergy seeds.
• Availability of organic manure necessary for farming from oilcakes and green leaves after the processing of Bioenergy seeds.
• Medicinal properties- controlling the diseases affecting the crops andpest control.
• Useful for eekeeping during flowering season.
• Preventing soil erosion of the fertile upper suface of the land.
• Supplying additional nitrogen to the soil through the roots of these Bioenergy trees.
• By often pruning the branches of trees which grow tall, crops can get proper sunshine and these branches when left and rot in the same place, turn out to be the best organic manure.
• Growing saplings along the sides of the farm and hedges will not harm any other food production.
Benefits for the society:
- Development of rural environment by growing more trees
- Ways and means to acieve self-relient economic progress through the formation of oilseed collection groups, processing and value addition, under the principles of co-operation and goodwill.
- More number of trees means good rain, increased capacity for water absorption, availability of more humidity for cropsand better yield.
- Shelter for birds, animals and plethora of other creatures.
- Pieces of woodbranches cut during pruning process can be used as firewood by rural women.
Benefits for the environment:
- Preventing environmental pollution.
- Playing significant role in controlling global temperature.
- Useful in recharging ground water.
- Preventing illeffects caused by chemical fertilisers.
3. Aims of the programme:
Keeping the experiences of the implementation of the programme in mind, depending on the availability of resources and being relatively new to the field,Board has an aim of implementing the programme in at least 10 gram panchayats in each taluk during the year 2012-13, completely in collaboration with different institutions mentioned above. Aim is to plant minimum 10,000 saplings under a panchayat and to develop Bioenergy crops in around 200 acres of land adjacent to farms.
4. Actions to be taken in different levels for the implementation of the programme:
|Ser.No.||Details of the activities to be undertaken
by different institutions
|1||Discussing about Hasiru Honnu programme in the grama sabhas (in village council meetings), specifying the target and inform the forest Dept. about the demand for saplings.||in October|
|2||Fixing the Hasiru Honnu programme under village panchayat workplan and recruitment of nodal officers by jilla panchayats -in gram panchayats and jilla panchayats||in November and December|
|3||Identifying voluntary organisations and signing agreements with them, organising training programme for voluntary organisations and implementation officers at the district level.||in January and February|
|4||Publicity campaigning by voluntary organisations, submitting the filled up application forms to gram panchayats after receiving them from the farmers -from voluntary organisations and taluk panchayats||in April and May|
|5||Putting up the list of beneficiaries by gram panchayats, work of digging pits in their farms by the beneficiaries to plant saplings -by gram panchayats / beneficiaries||in May|
|6||Spot inspection by nodal officers and supply of saplings by forest Dept. –nodal official/forest Dept.||in May,June, July|
|7||Planting of saplings by beneficiaries -voluntary organisations/forest Dept.||in June/July/August|
|8||Submission of final progress report by jilla panchayats -Taluk panchayat/ jilla panchayat||in October|
5. Implementation Officers:
- Gram panchayats should work as nodal agencies, taking complete responsibility of the implementation of Hasiru Honnu programme.
- Officers of all levels who are marked under the guidelines of NREGS should also co-operate in the implementation work.
6. Implementation of the programme
Afforestation activities can be undertaken under MGNREGS by bearing not less than 20% of grant expenditure. Following are theduties ofgram panchayats, taluk panchayats and forest Dept. under the programme.
7. Duties to be performed by Village communities/ Farmers:
Village community comprises of farmers, labourers, women and people from weaker sections. These people may be having their own organisations or platforms like groups of labourers, women self help groups, farmers’ clubs/organisations. Since Hasiru Honnu Programme undertakes developmental works using MGNREGS grants it has the following duties to perform.
- Men /women above 18 years of age should have registered their names in the local gram panchayat.
- Should have job cards issued in their name.
- Should have bank account in the name of the job card holder.
- Establishing contact and communication with the voluntary organisations working in their panchayat limits.
- Submitting application to the panchayats asking for the activities/worksregarding Bioenergy.
- In the months of May and June, Farmers should make arrangements to plant saplings by digging 2ftX2ft pits around the flanks of their land.
- Filling the pits with the mixture of manure (cowdung) and dug up soil.
- Getting the saplings which are suitable for their field and the environment of that particular area from the nearby nurseries and planting of those saplings by the farmers.
- Filling up the space around each planted sapling with soil, removing weeds often, loosening the soil around.
- Protecting the planted saplings from cattle.
- Taking photographs and maintaining documents at every stage.
- Demand for Bioenergy saplings should be put up in the meetings of gramasabha/wards so that they are included in the ‘shelf of project’ of panchayats in coming years and make it a regular activity.
- Give co-operation by providing complementary(supplementary) information and documents to register in the MIS(Management Information System) of the panchayat.
- Encourage the growth of organisations of Bioenergy sapling growers and seed collectors.
- Formulating plan and implementation strategies with regard to network of seed collectors, sale, processing, informationabout value addition, knowledge and practice.
- Gaining technical knowledge and information by visiting Bioenergy production and demonstration centres.
- A farmer can be a beneficiary under any one scheme, not both, i.e he/she can get benefits to grow Bioenergy saplings in his/her land either under Hasiru Honnu or Suvarna Bhoomi programme.
8. Functions to be performed by gram panchayats:
- Formulating publicity campaigning in the villages coming under gram panchayats in partnership with voluntary organisations and organising such campaigns.
- Arranging DVD, cinema through LCD projectors, organising dance dramas, streetplays, art procession(fairs) etc. to create awareness among the farmers.
- Printing and distribution of handbills in this relation from each panchayat.
- Completing these programmes before the end of rainy season without giving any opportunity for complaints.
- In this relation including the programme in the’ shelf of project’ of the respective financial year. Apart from this, presenting the matter before the grama sabha with regard to Bioenergy programmes to be undertaken in the financial year and seeking approval for the same.
- Building a team comprising of gram panchayatwise nodal officers from revenue Dept., forest Dept., Agriculture Dept., irrigation Dept., Horticulture Dept.
- Keeping good relationship with the concerned teams and participating in this programme.
- This programme being carried out in the land holdings of the farmers, applications in the specified format are to be given to those who are interested to plant Bioenergy saplings and the filled ones to be received well in advance. Serial numbers are to be assigned to these, on ‘first come first serve’ basis. Received applications are to be registered in the book, in the same order. Priority to be given to the early registrations.
- A farmer can grow maximum 100 saplings in 2 acres of land keeping a distance of 15ft between the saplings.
- Checking whether farmers have dug pits of 2ftX2ftX2ft size along the sides of their lands.
- Issuing job cards to those who do not have one but registering in their name, after getting their names registered under NREGS and open bank accounts in their name.
- Documentation of the villagewise, farmerwise distribution of honge,neem, hippe, simaroubasaplings cultivated and supplied by/through the forest Dept./ district administration and getting the same attested by nodal officers.
- Crediting the money to the bank account of the concerned farmer as per the S.R.ratelist of Rs.35 per pit (current S.R. rate) immediately after the pits of 2ftX 2ftX2ft size are dug up and saplings are planted. Presenting MES (Manufacturing Execution System) ingram panchayat/taluk panchayat. Giving copies of MES order to the concerned farmers.
- Maintaining the documents properly and attesting of all documents to be maintained under NREGS.
9. Functions of the executive officer of taluk panchayat:
- Checking whether gram panchayats have submitted proposal demanding Bioenergy saplings to the forest Dept. and taking necessary action.
- Checking whether gram panchayats have Bioenergy programmes in their workplan and taking necessary action.
- Govt. has given power to taluk panchayats under MGNREGSto prepare and implement Bioenergy programme in more than one gram panchayat. This should be achieved as per the target need. Govt. order in this relation is being brought to notice.
- Identifying voluntary organisations for each panchayat and signing agreement with them and reviewing whether they are working according to that or not. Providing each gram panchayat with one vehicle, one LCD projector and screen for publicity campaigning. Reviewing the work of publicity campaigning with regard to its progress as per the villagewise action plan, and taking necessary action.
- Formulating villagewise publicity campaign in the selected gram panchayats, reviewing the work of the voluntary organisations and the team of officers accordingly.
- Distributing saplings on time to all the farmers who have registered.
- Taking care of villagewise supply and proper distribution of saplings by the forest Dept.
- Releasing grants under NREGS to the selected gram panchayats as per time.
- Inspecting whether pits are dug up and saplings are planted.
- Riew whether farmers who have completed the work, received the grant or not.
- Checking whether job cards are distributed to all the registered farmers or not, taking actions with regard to distribution of job cards.
- Regularly conducting progress review meetings at taluka level.
- Submitting consolidated report to district monitoring committee and KSBDB, from time to time.
10. Functions of forest Dept.:
- Taking care of the proper publicity campaign work in villages under gram panchayats.
- Collecting information from gram panchayats with regard to registration by farmers and request for saplings.
- Getting information regarding the villagewise request for Bioenergy saplings from the concerned gram panchayat, supplying the saplings accordingly, getting the signatures of the concerned gram panchayat nodal officer and panchayat secretary in this regard.
- Inspecting whether farmers have dug pits as per specifications, undertaken maintenance measures or not and providing appropriate technical advice.
- Helping with regard to spot inspection, measurement and M.B.documents (Management Board) in order to ensure timely payment of wages to labourers who planted saplings/ worked.
- Creating awareness with regard to maintenance measures to be taken in order to protect planted saplings.
11. Functions of jilla panchayats:
- Formation of district Bioenergy monitoring committeeand selection of area level NGOs by following transparent selection procedures to implement Hasiru Honnu programme in the district, at village and gram panchayat level, under MGNREGS. Selection procedure should be based on the following criterion:
- Inviting applications from registered voluntary organisations by publishing advertisements in local newspapers with regard to the selection of area voluntary organisations.
- By processing and revising the accepted applications, selecting suitable NGOs to specific gram panchayats.
- Signing agreements with selected NGOs with regard to their duties and responsibilities.
- Giving responsibility to the NGOs selected through district lead voluntary organisations with regard to training, capacity building and maintenance measures.
- Encouraging publicity campaign programmes at panchayat level.
- The work of planting, nurturing and growing of minimum 10,000 Bioenergy saplings in each gram panchayat limits, is to be undertaken. For this, talukwise nodal officers should be appointed by the Chief Executive Officers of Jilla Panchayat. Nodal officers can take the help of other Depts. like Deputy Director- Women development and child welfare Dept., Joint Director- Dept. of industries, District Officer- Dept. of backward classes and minorities.
- Conducting progress review of the supervision work of programmes undertaken in all the gram panchayats of the taluka, actions taken by nodal officers, actions to be taken by forest Dept., collecting information regarding the timely use of grant money and taking appropriate actions from time to time.
- Giving permission (licence) to grow additional (extra) Bioenergy saplings(under material component) under NREGS after considering the demands by Gram Panchayats.
12. Functions of nodal officers:
- Inspecting whether gram panchayats have received (accepted) applications submitted by the farmers, whether received applications are registered on the basis of priority or not.
- Inspecting whether the team appointed for the work of planting saplings is performing its duties, whether saplings are supplied to the farmers at the right time, and giving directions accordingly. Coordinating the works of different Depts.
- Collecting details about the digging of pits and planting of saplings by the farmers, timely payment of specified money to the farmers etc.
- By ensuring that Gram Panchayats have undertaken Bioenergy programmes in their workplan, making them submit requests for saplings to the forest Dept.
- Bringing any shortcomings or non co-operation with regard to the implementation of the programme to the notice of the Chief Executive Officer- Jilla Panchayat immediately and rectifying the same.
13. Functions of voluntary organisations at Gram panchayat level:
- Formulating programmes to undertake publicity campaigns in the villages under Gram Panchayat and accordingly undertake publicity campaigning along with the team of nodal officers.
- Using multimedia, LCD projector, jatha (procession), grama sabha, village fairs, market days, flyers and handbills etc. for the campaigning. Persuading farmers to grow Bioenergy saplings between the existing plants on the flanks of their lands along with the planting of Bioenergy saplings like honge, neem, hippe and others.
- Identifying an important place in the village where every evening people meet each other and making use of this opportunity for persuading farmers.
- Receiving applications from the farmers in particular application format towards planting of saplings and giving the same to the Gram Panchayat secretary.
- Creating environment to provide appropriate solutions to the problems arising in the implementation of the Bioenergy development plan, coordination and putting up demand proposals for the programmes coming up next year, through conducting regular village council meetings /ward meetings.
- Motivating farmers to dig 2ftX2ftX2ft pits in their lands, inspecting the same when the work is over and attesting with nodal officers/gram panchayat secretary.
- Inspecting the supply of Bioenergy saplings like honge and others to the villages under the Gram Panchayat.
- Ensuring the supply of saplings by providing applications to the farmers properly.
- Immediately after the planting of saplings in the pits by the farmers, attesting and giving it to Gram Panchayat secretary.
- Supervising the maintenance of saplings from the date of planting upto theend of first summer.
- Photographs to be taken and documentation to be done at every stage of the work.
14. Duties of district lead voluntary organisations.
- Working in coordination with district Bioenergy monitoring committee, Bioenergy demonstration centre and area voluntary organisations to implement the programme.
- Working closely with district Bioenergy monitoring committee and helping the selection process of area voluntary organisations become transparent at each Gram panchayat level.
- Having exclusive knowledge of the programme, its purpose, system of working, guidelines and making partners and beneficiaries of the programme, area voluntary organisations understand the relevant informations.
- Having complete understanding of the MGNREGS guidelines and creating awareness among area voluntary organisations withregard to the guidelines and orders issued by the board in the implementation of Hasiru Honnu programme.
- Preparing training modules for the capacity enhancement of the area voluntary organisations and organising training activities from time to time.
- Through organising district and taluk level workshops carrying out the process of creatingawareness, knowledge building and implementation.
- Working towards the formation of unions of Bioenergy farmers and seed collectors at taluk and district levels.
- Performing the role of a supporter in the direction of timelyavailability of assistance, technology and communication, value addition and market to the beneficiaries of the programme.
- Through organising regular meetings and consultations at district/ taluklevels ensuring the easy implementation of the programme and supplementary (complementary) activities, finding solutions for the problems arising in the implementation of the programme at area level and removing the obstacles therein.
- Consolidating the work progress at district level and sending the same to the board every month.
15. Functions of Bioenergy production and demonstration centres.
- Holding publicity campaigns about Bioenergy.
- Helping the formation of seed collection network and establish marketing system at district level.
- Conducting training and demonstrations for resourcepersons, regarding Bioenergy crops, seed collection, processing, value addition and marketing.
- Coordinating the works of district monitoring committee, lead NGOs and area NGOs.
16. Programme monitoring and evaluation:
- Programme supervision and evaluation can be carried out in the following way:
- In gram panchayat limits – 100% supervision work should be undertaken by Gram Panchayat P.D.O./secretary and concerned forest officer (ranger)/ zonal forest superintendent.
- In taluk level- Executive officer, extention officer of the Taluka panchayat and Zonal Forest Superintendent /Assistant Forest Conservator (regional and social forest zone) should do minimum 10% of supervising work.
- In district level- minimum 5% of supervising work should be done by district Bioenergy supervising committee, Deputy Conservator of Forests (social forest zone/division) and nodal officers suggested by the district monitoring committee. At the district level, District Collector and the Chief Executive Officer Jilla Panchayat have to initiate the implementation of the programme by conducting coordination committee meetings in the chairmanship of Deputy Secretary (development).
- Chief Officer (planning) Jilla Panchayat should do the complete evaluation.
- In state level- KSBDB, Chief Conservator of Forest (central position) from the forest Dept. Director NREGS are to visit the places from time to time, review the progress, giveadvices and instructions toimplementation officers/ district monitoring committee.
Important Note: Forming blockwise (taluk) coordination committees, appointing block level officers from different Depts. as nodal officers to these committees, giving supervising responsibilities of the programme to them.